More than meets the eye


Why Are Toilets Important? 

Toilets facilitate the collection of waste and proper care of potentially hazardous materials.

In places where many people live in close proximity to each other, taking care of waste is top priority in maintaining healthy living standards for everyone.

When wastewater is collected and treated in a systematic way, it can be made safe to reuse once again.   

Modern Toilets

High efficiency dual flush 

When the flush lever is pulled, a plug in the tank lifts, allowing water to flow into the bowl via gravity. 

This is the average household toilet.  





Wall hung toilet 

The tank remains hidden in the wall cavity and functions as a normal toilet. 


Composting Toilet 

A composting toilet doesn’t use water  and instead incorporates the natural processes of decomposition and evaporation to dispel 90% of human waste.  


Portable Toilet 

These tiny toilets are made for camping or temporary spaces where all waste is stored in a holding space. Chemicals can be used to minimize the smells as a byproduct of the waste.  


Pull Chain Toilet 

The original design of this toilet is old-fashioned with the tank high above the bowl but functions the same as a household toilet you would see regularly.  


Smart Toilet 

Some toilets have high tech features, adjustable options and settings to amplify your experience on the toilet. A variety of models will play music during your bathroom experience.  



This toilet is built to project water and clean a person’s butt. It has adjustable water features to customize that experience.  


Astronaut Toilet

While in outer space, astronauts are still people who need to use a toilet. Without the force of gravity, scientists invented a toilet where astronauts strap themselves onto the seat. Technology forms a suction to pull all waste in a down into what NASA calls “people patties.” 


Toilets of the Past

A Very Public Toilet

These long stone benches with holes in them were toilets for the dwellers in ancient Rome.

Back then, Romans sat side by side and eventually treated a trip to the bathroom as a social event. This was a place to meet with friends, engage in conversation, and catch up.

Ever hear of the saying “getting hold of the wrong end of the stick?” Many believe this statement originated here. Instead of using toilet paper, Romans used tersoriums, which is essentially a wooden stick with a sponge attached to one end. When they were done, they would rinse the tersorium with water and leave it for the next person.


If you lived in a castle during the Middle Ages and needed to use the restroom, you would head towards the garderobes.

Garderobes were rooms in Medieval castles that contain a toilet and sink, a place today we would call a bathroom.

Waste from the garderobes dropped directly into a sewage pit below, called a cesspit.

The Close Stool

During the 1500s in London, garderobes were replaced by close stools.

These toilets consisted of a seat with a hole carved through its center, and even were equipped with handles for traveling.

Waste fell into a pot underneath and was removed and subsequently emptied into none other than the streets outside their house. That’s right, residents tossed their waste outside their windows or doors. But before doing so, they made sure to yell “gardez l’eau” or “watch out for the water” in case people were passing by.

And although the stench was unpleasant, for them it was worth not paying the extra taxes for an adequate sewage system.

The Earth Closet

Another olden-day toilet was invented by Henry Moule in 1869 and is also known as the composting toilet.

Instead of water, this toilet utilized dry dirt to cover waste for later removal.

Value from the earth closet comes from it’s ability to deodorize waste and function without indoor water pipes.

Porcelain Toilets

In the late 19th century, flush toilets finally emerged.

Many were made of porcelain and embellished with attractive colors and designs.

Cisterns (toilet bowls) were usually emptied by a pull chain.

Toilets Around the World

exotic toilets